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D9. Observing a Late Passover with Matzah and Bitter Herbs.    [Make a Comment]

Anyone who cannot observe Passover on the 14 day of Nisan must make every attempt to do so by eating matzah and maror the following month on the 14th day of Iyar.

This precept is derived from His Word (blessed is He):

Numbers 9:10-11
Tell the people of Isra'el, 'If any of you now or in future generations is unclean because of a corpse, or if he is on a trip abroad, nevertheless he is to observe Pesach. But he will observe it in the second month on the fourteenth day at dusk. They are to eat it with matzah and maror

I believe the two reasons given in Numbers 9:10 for delaying Passover observance are not the only two intended, but are rather meant to suggest others as well that are equally valid. For example, if a Jewish man or woman cannot observe Passover on the 14th of Nisan due to illness, he or she must earnestly seek to do so a month later on the 14th of Iyar.

See Mitzvah # D8 for additional details of Passover observance, including why we abstain from sacrificing a lamb. I consider this mitzvah mandatory for individual Jews and for K'rov Yisrael Gentiles who find themselves in the position of not being able to fulfill their Passover observance obligation on the 14th of Nisan. Other Gentiles, however, should they undertake this mitzvah would, in my opinion be wrongly stating that meticulous Passover observance is an obligation as to them as well. For that reason, I consider literal compliance of this Mitzvah #D9 to be unauthorized and not recommended for Gentiles who are not K'rovei Yisrael.

Maimonides, Meir, and HaChinuch do not recognise a delayed Passover observance among their listed mitzvot.


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